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Arts & Crafts:
From William Morris to Frank Lloyd Wright

by Arnold Schwartzman

The author focuses on a British craftsmen, such as William Morris and Charles Rennie Mackintosh, who turned their backs on the mass production of the Industrial Revolution to form a ‘Round Table’ in order to establish a means of returning to hand-crafted products.

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Antique Furniture Terminology
 from A to Z

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Argyle Chair
Charles Rennie Macintosh

Glossary of Arts & Crafts Terms
Page 1

abalone shell An ear-shaped shell lined with mother-of-pearl.

Aesthetic Movement A decorative arts movement with a strong Japanese influence, which flourished in Europe and the USA from c1860 to the late 1880s

aniline dye A synthetic, industrial dye used in textile and carpet manufacture from the 185Os. It produces strong, brighter colors that are cruder than those of traditional vegetable dyes.

armoire A French term for a linen-press, wardrobe or large cupboard.

armorial A crest or coat of arms.

armorial wares Ceramic, glass, or silverware decorated with coats of arms or crests.

apron A wooden panel that connects the surface and legs of a table, chair, or chest.

astragal A small, semi-circular molding; term applied to the glazing barson cabinets and bookcases.

banding A veneer cut into narrow strips and applied to create a decorative effect; usually found around the edges of tables and drawer fronts.

base metal A non-precious metal such as iron, brass, bronze or steel.

bleu-celeste A rare tincture used in heraldry, which is sometimes also called ciel or celeste and is a lighter shade than that of the traditional heraldic azure tincture.

caddy spoon A spoon for measuring tea out of the caddy. Made in vast quantities from the late 18th century.

cornice A horizontal top part or cresting on a piece of furniture

credenza A long side cabinet, with shelves at either end.

drugget rug A heavy felted fabric of wool, or wool and cotton, used as a floor covering

ebonized When wood is stained and polished black to simulate ebony.

embossing A method of creating relief ornament on metal by hammering or punching from the reverse.

enamel A form of decoration involving the application of metallic oxides to metal, ceramics, or glass in paste form or in an oil-based mixture, which is then usually tired for decorative effect.

engraving The decorative patterns cut into a metal surface using a sharp tool.

everted An outward-turned or flaring, usually describing a rim.

ewer A large jug with a lip that is often part of a set with a basin. Ewers originally held the water used by diners to wash their hands during meals, prior to the introduction of the fork.

faceted A decorative surface cut into sharp-edged planes in a criss-cross pattern to reflect the light.

field A large area of a rug or carpet usually enclosed by borders.

finial A decorative turned knob.

frieze A long, ornamental band.

fumed oak The technique of fuming or smoking oak with ammonia.

gilding A method of applying a gold finish to a silver or electroplated item,ceramics, wood or glass.

griffin A mythical animal with the head, wings, and claws of an eagle but a lion's body. It was a popular motif in the Regency and Empire periods.

hallmark A mark on silver that indicate it has been passed at assn The term derives from the Goldsmiths' Hall, London, where marks were struck.

hollow-ware Any hollow items such as bowls, teapots, jugs; distinctive from flatware.

inlay The setting of one material (e.g. marble, wood, metal, tortoiseshell, or mother-of pearl) in another (usually wood).

intaglio An incised design, as opposed to a design in relief.

ivorine An artificial product made resemble ivory in color on texture.

jacquard A fabric with an elaborately woven pattern produced on a Jacquard loom.

ladderback A vernacular chair with a set of horizontal backrails.

< Back to Glossaries                                                                       Page 2 >

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